One destinctive German youth group item was the Jungenschaftsjacke introduced by dj 1.11. We do not have much information about the dj 1-11 uniforms. We do note a destinctive jacket that the boys wore--the Jungenschaftsjacke. It was affectionately called a Juja. It was invented by dj 1.11 founder Eberhard Köbel. He apparently used a naval pull-over jacket as the basis for the new jacket which he created in 1928, just before founding dj 1.11.
The naval origins can be seen in the back flap. We note some sources translating this as a shank blouse or jacket. We are not entirely sure what a shank is. We have never noticed this term being used in feference to American clothing. We think the shank refers to the tab that is used to close the jacket, rather like the toggle on a duffle jacket. The photograpg of Koebel in the Wikipedia artical shows his wearing what is probably a Shank Jacket. The dj 1.11 Jungenschaftsjacke
was a smart boys' jacket, made in thick darkblue fabric and, like a sailor blouse, with a big collar and back flap. The blouse was seen as "looking good" and was a warm garment, useful for camping in cool weather.
It was a pull-over jacket which was made in dark-blue Wolltuch or heavy black cotton cloth (Kohtenstoff).
The navy blue or black color probably reflects its naval origins.
The dj 1.11 boys apparently wore their Jungenschaftsjacke tucked into their pants, often with a shoulder belt.
The blouse was adopted by other youth groups, including the Hitler Youth although in a modified form. We note HJ boys wearing these jackets. They are still used in Germany today. Today both boys and girls wear them, but do bot tuck them into pants and skirts. We also notice many variants in styling, material, and color.
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