English Regional Trends: Far North

Figure 1.--Here we see tourists at the Kirkstone Pass Inn during 1914. It would have been taken at about the same time World War I began. Notice how well tourists dressed at the time. They are standing beside a horse draw tourist conveyance--the charabanc. It was ideal for enjoying the wonderful views. Kirkstone Pass is a mountain pass in the Cumbria Lake District. It is at an altitude of 1,489 feet (454 m). This is the Lake District's highest pass that is now open to motor traffic and it connects Ambleside in the Rothay Valley to Patterdale in the Ullswater Valley. Brothers Water provides a picturesque view on the descent to Patterdale. The Kirkstone Pass Inn stands close to the summit of the pass. Formerly an important coaching inn, it now caters primarily for tourists. It is the third-highest public house in England.

The far north of England borders on Scotland. The beautiful Lake District is located in the far north with some of England's most rugged mountains. The highest point in the northeast is The Cheviot, in Northumberland, at 815m. The largest city is Newcastle. Sunderland is the second-largest. Its natural beauty can be found in Northumberland National Park. It has a beautiful North Sea coastline There is a section of the Pennines and Weardale. It also has great historic importance. There are two World Heritage Sites: Durham Cathedral and Hadrian's Wall which cuts across the island. The far north is a largely agricultural area with some industrial cities in Yorkshire. It is less densly populted than southern England.


Cumbria is located in northwestern England. It is a modern administrative creation from the old counties of Cumberland, Westmorland, and part of North Lancashire, and is now England's second largest county in size. It is one of the England's most beautiful counties and location of Lake District National Park. The Park is an area some 30 miles across and contains England's highest mountains (four over 3,000 ft), and some of the biggest lakes. There are also many old traditional towns and villages. Hopefully our British readers will tell us more about Cumbria. The image here shows a scene in Kendal in 1914. Note that boys were still wearing sailor suits. As in much of England, chool caps, flat caps, Eton collars, and knickers were common in the era before World War I. We note a scene in Ulverston during 1912 showing typical English boys wear. Cumbrian children like other children enjoyed the lakes and boating. The children do no seem to have changed their clothes much for boating and there were no life preservers to be seen in a photogragh taken at Newby Bridge in 1914.

Tyne and Wear


Shefield is an industrial city in Yorkshire. The Romans are believed to have smelted iron ore here. It is especially known for its cuttlery. A HBC reader has provided some information about growing up in Shefield. He attended a grammar school and was a Scout. Many Americans were introduced to Yorkshire by the marvelous James Herriot books and TV programs.


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Created: 1:33 AM 2/22/2018
Last updated: 1:33 AM 2/22/2018