Chad


Figure 1.--This is a scene in a Chad village in 1950. The stark background showcases the arid enviroment. The woman's clothing shows a Muslim influence. The lack of water and Islam are two major influence in Chadian society.

Chad is a land-locked Saharan country located in north-central Africa with connections to East Africa, Central Africa, and West Africa. It was part of French Equatorial Africa and achieved independence (1960). The capital and largest city is N'Djamena is the capital. Chad is a huge country, but very arid. Lack of water mean that much of the country has little or no economic potential. It is perhaps best known for endless, fearureless Saharan/Sahelien expanses. Much of the north is part of the vast Sahara Desert. In the south, still dusty landscape are fed by small streams which produce some green scenes along the water flow. The country has been affected by disertification and the expansion of the Sahasra south. The most notable tourist attraction is the teeming wildlife of Zakouma National Park located South of N’Djaména. Archeolohists have found evidence of human habitation from a very early period. Much of the known history of Chad before the arival of the Europeans come from the Moslem people of the central region. Here kingdoms and small empires formed. Chad was colonized by France at the turn of the 20th century. The far north proved especially difficult to pacify. France granted independence (1960). We have some basic information on Chad's history. The economy is based largely on agriculture and livestock, but productivity is limited because so much of the country is arid. It is thus one of the poorest country's in Africa and desertification is a major problem. As a result the population is sparse, totaling about 10 million people. Many in Chad are Muslim, although the largest ethnic group are the Sara--a largely non-Muslim people. Lake Chad is a shallow lake of north-central Africa bordered by Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria. It was first explored by Europeans (1823). The Lake is now only a fraction of its former area. The security situation is deteriorating and the government appears to be losing its grip on the nation, especially the north.







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Created: 4:43 AM 11/3/2016
Last updated: 4:43 AM 11/3/2016