Dutch Provinces: North Holland

Figure 1.--The modern city of Amsterdam is located in Noord Holland. Other areas of the province are more traditiuinl. Here we see Dutch bots and girls in Volendam harbor about 1930. Volendam is a port town located along the eastern coast facing the Zuider Sea. It is in the municipality of Edam-Volendam. Volendam is a popular tourist attraction in the Netherlands, well known for its old fishing boats and the traditional clothing still worn by some residents. The women's costume of Volendam, with its high, pointed bonnet, is one of the most recognizable of the Dutch traditional costumes and is often seen as a Dutch national costume.

Noord Holland is the North Sea coastal province between the Rhine delta and the Zuider Sea. Holland is the core of what would develop into the Dutch Kingdom. It forms a kind of peninsula. This is why the Netherlands is still often referred to as Holland. The provincial capital is Haarlem and its largest city is Amsterdam, the best known Dutch city. For most of its history, modern-day Noord Holland has been an integral part of Holland. The history of Noord Holland is esentially the history of Hollnd until modern times. The modern destinction between Noth and South Holland were not well established. The Counts of Frisia/Kennemerland were the first rulers of Holland. The counts of Holland ruled Holland (9th - 16th centuries). The Counts of Holland added West Friesland and incorporated it into their possessions. For some time after Holland was called "Holland and West Friesland". The inhabitant of West Friesland still have, however, a strong sense of identity as a region within Holland and even North Holland). The Dutch developed a sea faring traditon and were at the center of commerce between the Baltic and Wesrn Europe. The Dutch also participted in the trade opened up with the East, Africa, and the Americas opened up by the Portuguese and Spanish (late-15th century). It was here that most Dutch trading vessels were based and the center of resistance to Spanish rule and the eventual independence. It was also here where capitalism was essentially invented. Holland including what is modern North and South Holland was the heart and the wealthiest and most important province on the United Provinces, the Dutch Republic (16th - 19th century). Holland dominated the United Provinces. It is during this period that a distinction began to develop between the North (Noorderkwartier) and the South (Zuiderkwartier). The formal province of North Holland was formally constitued during the French Revolution when the Dutch Republic was occupied by the the French (1795-1813). And this destinction was retained by the Dutch Kingdom tht was created after the Napleonic wars. Amsterdam is one of the most modern cities in Europe. Other areas of the province are much more traditional.


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Created: 12:02 AM 5/14/2012
Last updated: 12:02 AM 5/14/2012