Brunei is a today a small Muslim kingdom located along the northern coast of Borneo on the South China Sea. Most of Brunei is lowland rain forests, but there are areas of mountain rain forest as well. Precipitation rates are very high. Brunei is the remnate of the powerful Sultanate of Brunei which was a major power in Oceania (15th-17th centuries). The Sultanate controlled an area extensing from extending from northern Borneo to the southern Philippines. The Brunei Sultans played a major role in spreading Islam into what is now the southern Philippines, Indonesia, and Borneo. The Portuguese seized Malacca (1511). This had been a major rival power. Eventually the Dutch and British split Borneo. Brunei became a British protectorate (1888). The Brunei Revoly against the monrchy was supressed with British help (1960s). Brunei decided not to join the Malaysian Federation, in part because of the Brunei Revolt (1963). The British granted independence (1984). The country has an important petroleum resource and, as a result, an extremely high standard of living.
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