* Egyptian photograohy

Egyptian Photography

Figure 1.--Most of the 19th century Egyptian photographs we have found are archeological or ethnogrphic. We begin to see personal portraits in the 20th century. Many of the omes we have found in the first half of the 0th century are by European studios. We note a popular finish for studio portraits was a kind of matte finish with an irregular surface, giving a kind of ditted look. We are not sure whst to call this. The studio here was Phebus in Choubra, a Cairo neigborhood.

Within months of Frenchman Louis Daguerre announcing the invention of photography (1839), two Frenchmen, Horace Vernet and Frédéric Goupil-Fesquet, were making Daguerrotypes in Egypt. They focused on the great archeological monuments. It was not, however, until the development of the almumen process, that we see any number of Egyptian photograophs (1860s). The first important Egyptian photographer was the Armenian immigrant, G. Lekegian. He created many important images depicting Egyptian life in the late-19th century. Zangaki, a Greek photographer active in Cairo, produced many ethnographic images during the 1860s-80s. Ethnographic imagery was very important. As far as we can tell, not very many Egypyian fathers were all that interested in having portatits taken of their family. Based on the number of images what we have in Egypt and some other Arab colonies was ethnocraphic photohography for sale to Europeans, both tourists and peoole in Europe working on scarapbooks. Another European photographer creating ethnographic images was Wilhelm Hammerschmidt . The Bonfils are also noted for ethonographic photography. We have archived mny of these ethnographic images here in the various topics of the Egyptian section. The studio, however, is often not indicated. We have not found many early personal portraits. Of coiurse the ethnographic photographs would have been made in greater numbers for sale in Europe. Many early photographers focused on archeological and ethnographic photographs. In an age before movies, television, and magazines printing photographic imnages, there was a market for images of foreign coyntries. Egyotian images were sought after because of its fascinating history. With the 20th century we begun to find many studio portraits often oprrated by Europeans. Here we begin to actually see Egyptian families as well as the familirs of the Many Europeans living in Cairo and other major cities. uite a few studios used a paper with a matte finish that had an irregular finish. We are not sure just what to call this portrait paper. It was also popular un Greece nd Yugoslavia.


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Created: 6:06 AM 11/29/2018
Last updated: 6:06 AM 11/29/2018