There are several important minorities in Georgia. Georgia's location at a major commercial crossroads between Europe and Asia has been instrumental in the development of a multi-ethnic society. Trade meant not only goods, but also exchanges of peoples. The histories of Georgia and Armenia in the medieval eraere linked as two small, isolated Christian kindoms. There was during the Tsarist era an important Armenian minority in Georgia. We are unsure how the Armeninian minority fared during the Soviet era. About 8 percent of the modern Geiorgian population is Armenian.
The Armenians in Georgia are concentrated in Tbilisi and the southern regions (Akhalkalaki, Ninotsminda). There is an important Armenian community in the Abkhazia-Gagra Region. Many of the Armenians in Georgia arrived from Turkish Anatolia
during the Russian-Turkish war (1870s).
We note some portraits from the K. Zanis" Studio in Tiflis (Tbilisi) (1880s-90s). Tbilisi was a cultural, political, and commercial center of Armenians in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The majority of Armenians are Monofizists and are the congregation of the Echmiazin Temple. The number of Catholic Armenians is relatively small. There are also a small number of Moslem Armenians who are known as the Hemshins. Many Armenians have emigrated from Georgia. The most common destination has been America and Russia.
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