Feminist Issues


Figure 1.--

We focus on children in our website, but a range of feminist issues touch upon children. This is especially the case as women in most countries are primarily responsible for child care. Even in Western countries most affected by the Women's Movement, it is women that are primarily responsible. Thus we want to assess the history of feminism. And the mother-child bond since the evolution of humans has been one of the most critical, if not the single most important relationship, in a child's life. As a result we want, to discuss some of the feminist issues here. One of these critical issues is is violence against women. Here we are developing some country pages. Another important issue is abortion because of the millions of lives which are being terminated. And one women's groups for unknown reason do not address is the rapidly increasing number of children being born out of wedlock.

Women and Child Bond

We focus on children in our website, but a range of feminist issues touch upon children. This is especially the case as women in most countries are primarily responsible for child care. Even in Western countries most affected by the Women's Movement, it is women that are primarily responsible. And the mother-child bond since the evolution of humans has been one of the most critical, if not the single most important relationship, in a child's life.

History of Feminism

Given the importance of women in child care, we want to assess the history of feminism. This means the history of women since the dawn of civilization. Little is known about the role of women before the neolithic (agricultural revolution). Based on modern primitive peoole, women enjoyed a higher status than in the settled civilizations that developed. Accounts of women captured by the Native Americans report that they experienced greater freedom and higher status with the Indians. Every civilization and historical period dealt with women differently, a topic not commonly dealt in detail by historians who focus on leaders and other important people which almost always were men. Modernnfeminism begins with the sufferage. Thus normally begins with the 19th century as this was when average individuals began to vote in most countries. Feminist history in America often begins with Abel Adams and the sage advice she offeredtoher husnabd, the second American president. The issue of the sufferage for women did not begin until the Age of Jackson when most white Americans began to vote without regard to wealyh and property. As the abolitionist movement gained momentum, Feminist leaders move to disassociate their struggle for the bote from abolition. Many women were involved in the abolition movement, but not the major feminist leaders like Susan B. Anthpny and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. After the passage of the 15th Amendment banning discrination in voting based on race, the women's movemrnt ficused on the sufferage. A range of people were involved in the movement , including siusters Victorua Woodhall and Tennessee 'Tennie; Clafin who opened a brockerage firm (1870). Victoria was the first woman candidate for president and picked noted former slave Frederick Douglss as aunning mte. Tennie ran for Congress. The two proved too controversial as they also advocated free lkove and were banished from the movement. They crossed the Atlantic and married two of the richestt men in Britain. [MacPherson] Margaret Sanger also proved controversil as she advocated for birth control. After the passage of the 19th Amendmebt granting he vote to women, the movement began to shift toward advocating for an Equal Rights Amendment. A movemnt which almost succeeded, but ultimately familed in 1983.

The Family

The modern concept of family is the 'nuclear' family. Today the nuclear family is widely viewed as the the basic family unit. Histirically this has not always been the case. In fact the nucleat family is a very modern creation. Historically, households in the West and many many societies commonly consisted of sometimes quite large groups of extended family members. This began to change in the industrializing West, especially in America during the late-19th century and began to be pronouncedd by the early-20th century. The Industrial Revolution was at the center of this change. The Industrial Revolution brought a more mobile society. Workers moved intomgrowing cities and couls easily move not bonly from gob to job, but from city to city. This commonly broke extended familt ties with relied on people living close to each other in fairly constructed gepgraphic area. Thus the nuclear family gradually became the primary family unit. The small nuclear family was tailor made for the modern age. Their relative mobility have the nuclear family the ability to seek out economic opportunities where ever they may exist. This was never in greater display than the movement West over the Oregon, California, and Santa Fe and other trails. And as modern American began to form in the 20th century, sprawling cities and economic opportunities meant that young people could marry and buy houses, this meant that nuclear families could live independently in their own homes, rather than in large extended family groupings. This is the cultural and social environment in which modern feminism developed. Wages were high enough in th early-20th century that working men could support a nuclear family. As women's employment opportunities were limited, the prevailing gende vole was for the husband to mork outside the home and for his wife to take care of their home and the children. This was the basic social pattern until World War II. Is at this time that a range of developments began to crack that social dynamic wide open. First, the War created an unprecedent demand for labor. As mean were drafted for miliray service, there was not only a vital needed for workers to keep war plants running, but to staff new factories being opened. And woman would fill those needs, working in industrail plants. Rossie the Riveter was a World War II icon. Second, American women were the most educated women in the world. American schools, unlike European schools were coeducational. And large numbers of women attnded seondary school and university, to a greaer extent than in Europe. This meant that they qualified for a wide range of jobs, although until aftder the War, teaching and nursing were rare areas in which women worked. Third, after the 1950s it became increasingly difficult for men, especially blue-collar workers, to support a family on his income alone. Fourth, feminist authors began questioning thevraditional arrangement at the same time that educated women began to bcome interested in professional careers.

War on Women


Violence Against Women

One of the critical issues associated with feminism is violence against women. Here we are developing some country pages.

Abortion

Another important issue is abortion because of the millions of lives which are being terminated.

Births Out of Wedlock

And one women's groups for unknown reason do not address is the rapidly increasing number of children being born out of wedlock.

Sources

MacPherson, Myra. The Scarlet Sisters: Sex, Sufferage and Scandl in the Gilded Age (2014), 448p.






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Created: 6:27 AM 3/6/2014
Last updated: 10:53 PM 4/8/2019