Zambia is a land locked country in East Africa, a former Btitish colony. As with other Africn countries, as far as we know the first schools in the country were established by the Europens as part of the 19th century Scramble for Africa. The colonial policies of both countries were not to educate the population. This would have been an expensive undrtaking. Rather the British set up schools for the Euriopean settlers. Missionary groups also established schools. It was not until independence that efforts were made to create a public school system for the entire population. Zambia despite having immense minerl wealth has not been an economic success since independence. A combination of inadequate ledership and a commitment to socialist economic policies hss ment that the country has actually declined economically since independence. This has meant that the country has been unable to fund a quality educational system. As in other countries, the modern school system is divided into a primary (grades 1-7) and secondary system. The secondary system includes both a junior (grades 8 and 9) and secondary (grades 10-12) level.
Most Zambian children begin primary school and many finish. Primary schools are referred to as "basic schools" and finishing primary school is widely regarded as the normal level of education. Budget difficulties, however, mean that primary school is free only through grade 7. As a result many children drop out at that point. Attendance at secondary schools is much more limited and relatively few actually complete secondary level. There are both public and private schools in Zambia. The private schools are for the most part schools orginally founded by missionaries.
One of the most prstigious is the Roman Catholic St Mary's Seminary located in Eastern Province. The private schools use either British or American curriuculum and methods. Few Zambians have the monet or cademic prepaeation for univerirt studies. The University of Zambia is the primary tertiaty education institution. There are several teacher training schools which offer 2-year programs for students completing secondary school.
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