Bonnie Prince Charlie's Escape and Flora McDonald


Figure 1.-- This painting by George Willian Joy depicts Bonnie Prince Charlie, Charles Edward Stuart, when he said farewell to Flora McDonald who helped him escap. At the time he painted it, the work would have been seen as basicaly pro-British pean to Scotland. The Scottish rising led by the Prince, known at the time as the Young Pretender. He instigated th Jacobite (Stuart) Rebellion of 1745 whuch totally surprised the English abd the Scottish Jacobin army drove south into England. The rebellion was decisely defeated at Culloden which effectively ended the the Jacobite cause which had promoted the Stuart claim to the English throne and the divine right of kings which had been ended by the Glorious Revolution. Charles's flight from Scotland escaping the english turned him to him into a romantic figure. Charles was assisted by supporters like the pilot Donald Macleod of Galtrigill, Captain Felix O'Neill of the O'Neills of the Fews dynasty and Flora MacDonald. Flora helped him escape to the Isle of Skye by taking him in a small boat disguised as her Irish maid, Betty Burke.

We note one painting of Bonnie Prince Charlie,Charles Edward Stuart which when he painted would have been seen as basicaly pro-British pean to Scotland. The Scottish rising led by the Prince, known at the time as the Young Pretender. He instigated th Jacobite (Stuart) Rebellion of 1745 whuch totally surprised the English abd the Scottish Jacobin army drove south into England. The rebellion was decisely defeated at Culloden which effectively ended the the Jacobite cause which had promoted the Stuart claim to the English throne and the divine right of kings which had been ended by the Glorious Revolution. Charles's flight from Scotland escaping the english turned him to him into a romantic figure. Charles was assisted by supporters like the pilot Donald Macleod of Galtrigill, Captain Felix O'Neill of the O'Neills of the Fews dynasty and Flora MacDonald. Flora helped him escape to the Isle of Skye by taking him in a small boat disguised as her Irish maid, Betty Burke. Flora was born at Milton on South Uist where her father was a tenant farmer. She completed her schooling in Edinburgh and was an unknown young Scotts Girl. Hapenstance propelled her into the pantheon of Scottish heros. She was visiting her brother in South Uist when she was asked to assist none oher than Bonnie Prince Charlie (1746). He was on the run from the British after the devestating defeat of the Jacobite Uprising at Culloden. Flora seems to have hought the scheme 'fantastical' but was persuaded make the attempt, it is believed by the Prince himsel. They rowed from Benbecula to Skye (June 27). They hid overnight in a cottage and then travelled, over the next few days, overland to Portree. They managed to evade some Redcoat troops. When the Prince left to travel to the island of Raasay and a ship to take him back to France, the Prince gave Flora a locket with his portrait, saying "I hope, madam, that we may meet in St James's yet" but she never saw him again. Flora for her part in the Prince's escape was arrested and imprisoned in Dunstaffnage Castle. She also spent some time in the Tower of London, but was eventually released in 1747 under a general amnesty. She married Allan Macdonald of Kingsburgh, a kinsman, a common practice at the time (1750). The romantic view of the Jacbite rising.developed long after Culloden as a romantic view of Scotland was created by Scottish authors which caught the imaginstion of Princess Victoria.








HBC






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Created: 7:42 PM 7/29/2016
Last updated: 7:42 PM 7/29/2016