This portrait shows Arthur Capel, 1st Baron Capel of Hadham, and his family. It was painted about 1641 by Cornelius Johnson/Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen. You can see the formal garden at Cassiobury House in the background. Notice all the colors and lace collars. The family members are are (from left to right): Arthur Capel, 1st Earl of Essex (1631-1683) his father Arthur Capel, 1st Baron Capel (1604-1649) Henry Capel, 2nd Baron Capel (1638-1896) mother Elizabeth, Lady Capel (died 1661) Charles Capel (died 1657) Elizabeth Countess of Carnarvon (1633-1678) Mary Duchess of Beaufort (1630-1715). Johnson's arrangement of the figures was influenced by Van Dyck's portrait of King Charles I's family and by Honthorst's portrait of the Buckingham family. This portrait has been used to illustrate English gender conventions. It is a wondrful depiction of patriarchy. Baron Capel was an ardent royalist, devoted to Charles I during the English Civil War. Capell was one of the primary Royalist leaders, but achieved no succss. Together with Earl of Norwich, he surrendered to Lord Fairfax at Colchester, on the promise of their lives being spared (1648). The commitment was not held as binding on the civil authorities. His fate was thus undecided for several months. He escaping from the Tower, but was betrayed. He was condemned to death by Parliamentand beheaded along with the Duke of Hamilton and the Earl of Holland, a few months after the King (1649).
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