*** Hungarian boys clothes: garments

Hungarian Boys Clothes: Garments

Hungarian brothers
Figure 1.--These Hungarian brothers were photographed in 1911, while Hungary was still part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and a few years before the onset of World War I. The boys wear a sailor suit, a regular suit, a military school cadet uniform, and an army uniform. Note the younger boy's close cropped hair. Image courtesy of the MD collection.

Hungarian boys wore the standard garmnts worn by other European boys. HBC has only limited information on garments worn by Hungarian boys and have only begun to collect information on specific garments. Hungary is a relatively small country which is a factor in our small archive from which to work. From what we do see, there is strong German influence. This comes from a long association with Austria and the very subtantial German fashion industry. Younger boys for many years wore dresses. We are unsure how common smocks were, but we do know that school children commonly wore them, especially after World War II. Sailor suits as in most European countries were a popular style for an extended period. We ee many noys earing sailor caps even nwhen not wearing sailor suits. Short pants as in much of Europe were commonly worn by Hungarian boys through the 1950s. They declined in popularity in the 1960s, but some boys still wore them. Boys wearing shortened length pants commonly wore long stockings and then aftr World War I, knee socks were popular. We see both white and colored knee socks. Hungary boys wore sandals, although HBC at this time has very limited information.


We do not yet have much information on Hungarian boys' headwear. Hungarian boys wote the same caps and hats as wornby other european boys, basically the same styles popular in Austria and Germany. Of course Hungary was ruled by the Austrians for some 400 years. Thus the similarity in clohing styles is understandable. The only destinctive headwear style we have found is the Hungarian Army cap. We see some boys wearing them them. The Hungarian Scout cap was based on this style.

Sailor Hats

Hungarian boys wore many different styles of sailor hats and caps. These appear to be he same styles worn by boys all over Europe. We not both wide-brimmed salor hats worn by younger boys with sailor suits and other outfits. Boys also wore caps based on the uniform styles of the Austro-Hungarian Imperial Navy in the years before World War I. Many of the details such as streamers, hat bands, and elastic chin straps are not yet available. Other styles of caps may hav also be worn, but we have only limited informtion at this time.

Hungarian Army cap

The only destinctive Hungarian boys' headwear we have found is a Hungarian Army cap we first note in World War I. We are sure about the origins, but it has some similarity to the Scottish Glengary. The French camp up with a similar cap which the americans adopted as the overseas cap and ten became the garrison cap when the americans returned home. The Hungarian cap was different, but similar. We see the Italians with a nearly identical cap. Some boys wore them because they liked the military look, but they were not made for boys. The exception was the Hungarian Boy cout cap. Th Scouts used the Army cap as the official Scout cap.

Skirted Garments

Younger European boys wre a variety skirted garments. We have, however, not archived many photographs of Hungarian boys wearing skirted garments. We suspect that rather like Germans boys this was less common than for may other countries. Our Hungarian archive is, however, very small and as a result, we can not yet make any valid assessmnts. We notices Hungarian boys wearing smocks and tunics. We have not yet found images of boys wearing dresses.

Shirts and Blouses


We notice Hungarian boys wearing the same basic styles of suits worn by other European boys. Hungarian styles seem especially close to German styles. Hungary was of course for cnturies associated wih Austria where German styles were prevalent. There were also close trade and cultural ties with Germahy.ties with Germany , We note both juvenile and older boy styles. Some of the juveile outfits seem more ustriann than German infkuenced which is undrstanable given Hungary's long association wih Austria. Our information is, however, fairly limited at this point. Our Hungarian archive is still very limited.


We do not yet have a lot of information on pants and trousers worn by Hungarian boys in the 19yh century. Our photographic archive is very limited. Hungarian boys as best we can tell mostly wore long pants in the 19th century. We note some younger boys in fashionable urban families beginning to wear knee pants and bloomer knickers after mid-century. We are less sure about rural areas, but believe that traditiona peasant styles were still worn in many areas. These shortened-length pants did not bcome pronounced for older boys until the 1890s. They were mostly worn with long stockings. We believe that trends, at least in urban areas, were very similar to Austria and Germany. Hungary during the 19th century was of course politically and economically connected to Austria which was part of the German cultural area. We know more about the 20th century, although we still have a limited archive. Trends in the early-20th century were very similar to the 1890s, but with shotened length pants becoming more prevalent and more commonly being wirn with socks rather than long stockings, at least during the summer. After World War I, Hungary declared independence, but we continue to see similar fashion trends. Short pants rapidly became standard for boys. H-bar and suspender shorts were common. We also see button-on shorts. We mostly see teenagers wearing long pants. at least in the cities. Older boys wore long pants, the actual age varying greatly from family to family. Short pants were commonly worn by Hungarian boys through the 1950s, but were decling in popularity by the end of the decade. Shorts declined in popularity during the 1960s, but some boys still wore them. Teenagers wanted jeans, but thy were hard to obtain behind the Iron Curtain. Gradually Hungarian boys began wearing the same pan-European styles worn in the West (1970s, even before the fall of Communism (1989).


Hungarian boys in the late 19th and early 20th century commonly wore long over-the-knee long stockings as was common in Germany. Boys wearing short pants after World War I also wore long stockings, but knee socks, both white and colored kneesocks, gradually became nore common. We also see ankle socks. .



We note younger boys wearing strp shoes.


Hungarian boys wore sandals, although HBC at this time has very limited information. A boy in a 1969 wore closed toe sandals. It appears to have been a minority style, but was worn. HBC at this time does not know if closed or open toe styles were more common. Only closed-toe styles were pictured in the film. German clothibg styles are often important in Central Europe, but HBC is not sure if this is the case in Hungary. German boys after World War II mostly wore open-toe sandals while closed toe-styles were more common in England and France. They do not appear to have been entirely a leizure style as at least some boys were wearing them to school with blue smocks.


Leggings are a garment that we do not know a great deal about. We have one image of an Hungarian boy in the 1920s wearing leggings, but we are a little confused as the leggings look to be worn under rather than on top of the pants. We are not sure, however, how common this was.


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Created: January 21, 2001
Last updated: 4:37 AM 3/22/2017