School Uniform: Military Schools--Country Differences

Figure 1.--American military schools were different than European military schools in that the primary purpose was not to prepare boys for a military career. They were mostly boarding schools designed to provide descipline for boys from affluent families. There were schools both for primary and secondary schools.

The term military school actually encompasses schools of vastly different purposes and student intakes in various countries. The primary similarities are the uniforms and an emphasis on discipline. Beyond this the schools are strikingly different. A historian specializing in children in the military writes, "U.S. military schools are quite different from the British military schools. U.S. schools (except for the service academies) are privately run and privately funded. They actually have no standing with the U.S. military authorities. The British military schools are, however, part of the British military establishment, run by the military and part of the annual military estimates passed by parliament. The French (until post World War I) catered to their military children through their regimental system. Each unit was required to care for a certain number of children (orphans or otherwise) and provided unit officers and NCOs to their care. The Germans ran military academies (for children, not to be confused with Officer Cadet training units as is the same case with the Brits at Sandhurst and Canadians at the RMC, Kingston, or the U.S. at West Point). No, the German academies or asylums or orphanages were for the children of soldiers, but I know little about them. My specialty (with Peter Goble's help and a few other scholars and researchers) is the British military school system. Much of this is dealt with at my internet site. Peter's research site offers researchers a vast store of material on CD and, apparently does well. He reckons that the descendants of children on his list number in the order of 2.5 million. Some number that." [Cockerill]


Cockerill, Art. E-mail message, Jukly 2, 2004.


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Created: 7:56 PM 8/28/2008
Spell checkjed: 11:06 PM 12/9/2018
Last updated: 11:06 PM 12/9/2018