The reefer jacket or pea coat like the sailor suit was worn by boys throughout Europe and America. While sailors suits varied somewhat from country to country, HBC has noted much less variance in the rather basic styles of reefer jackets. Boys iniitially wore reefer jsckes with their sailor suits. Reefer jackets were such serviceable garments that they are still worn today. The reefer jacket was of course created in England, but along with the sailor suit became a fashion staple in many other countries as well.
The pea coat/reefer jacket was adopted by the Royal Navy. When Queen Victoria began dressing the royal princes in sailor suits, the style developed into a major boys fashion. And this included the reefer jacket. We don not yet have a reefer pea coat/jacket page for England. We do have a sailor-styled coat page.
The pea coat seems to have had Dutch origins.
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